Wednesday, April 11, 2012

Is Hindi our National Language?

A popular misconception among Indians is that Hindi is our National Language. In reality, it is as absurd as saying Hinduism is our National Religion. The fact is that, Hindi is not our National Language; we do not have a National Language or a National Religion. Neither our constitution nor our law recognizes the existence of a National Language. So, from where the idea of Hindi being our National Language came is not clear.

India is a country with so many different languages and it is impossible to impose one among these as the national language. It is a very controversial issue and has been so for many years. Article 343 of our constitution dictates that "the official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script," it also puts forth English as the other official language. The status of being the official language will not automatically make a language the national language. The law and the constitution have to give this recognition, which in Hindi's case has not happened. This was made clear in a ruling by a bench headed by Chief Justice S J Mukhopadhaya in the Gujarat High Court in January 2010 in a hearing regarding issuing of directions that packaged commodities must contain details about goods in Hindi.

The fact stands that Hindi remains to be the most spoken language in the country. It is this potential of Hindi helped it gain the status of Official Language of the Parliament, along with English. The States are given power to select one of its widely spoken languages or Hindi as the official language, along with English. Furthermore, there are a very vast number of people who speak other regional languages that has no resemblance with Hindi. Many of these regional language speakers are so emotionally involved to their mother tongue, they would most certainly protest against any other language being made into a National Language. In fact this has been happening for so long now. Any attempt to make any one of the inborn language of India as its National Language is, for sure, going to cause unrest among a major set of the population.

There is a long lasting battle going on every now and then regarding this issue between the Hindi speakers and other language speakers, especially so in Tamil Nadu. This battle started even before independence, as early as the 1930s. The first agitation was between 1937 and 1940 in Tamil Nadu, after that the second one was between 45 and 50, in 65, in 68, in 86; this has always been an ongoing process. It emerged every now and then sparking a lot of controversy and unleashing a lot of hatred. There has not been any major attempt to set a National Language in so many years and so this battle is in a hibernation state for that duration and any attempt to revive the National Language campaign will definitely unleash it again. 


Tuesday, April 10, 2012

Who gave the title "Father of Nation" to Gandhi ??

Both Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi were infallibly dedicated to the cause of Indian freedom. They were loved by the masses and feared by the Raj. But between themselves, these two icons of India's freedom movement shared a rather frosty relationship and history is replete with instances of trenchant differences between them.

Although Subhash Chandra Bose was a follower of Gandhi during the initial days, the later part of the 1930s witnessed a growing radicalization of his thoughts and Bose became increasingly frustrated with the lack of momentum in the independence movement. As Bose started to assert his bold stance in various party forums, it led to a polarization in the Congress party ranks.

Bose found himself frequently at loggerheads with Gandhi and their differences often came out in the public. All these bickering reached a climax when Subhash Chandra Bose became Congress President for a second term in 1939 defeating Gandhi-nominated candidate Pattabhi Sitaramayya. Unable to hide his displeasure, Mahatma commented "Subhash' victory is my defeat." But this unhealthy environment within the party made Bose's task all the more difficult and soon he resigned from his post.

Subhash Chandra Bose and Gandhi also disagreed over their visions for the post-Independence Indian state. Bose was influenced by the success of the five-year plans in the Soviet Union and he advocated for a socialist nation with an industrialized economy. Gandhi was opposed to the very concept of industrialization.

In spite of all the differences in ideologies, both these great men admired and respected each other. In 1942 Gandhi called Subhash Bose the "Prince among the Patriots" for his great love for the country. Bose too admired Gandhi and in a radio broadcast from Rangoon in 1944, he called Mahatma Gandhi "The Father of Our Nation." 

Apologize if i am wrong .. Just posted what i studied.

Tuesday, April 3, 2012

These Tech CEOs are Stinking Rich and Eligible Bachelors

The only thing cooler than earning money would be getting more money. Money and fame never usually come for free, but the world of technology has proved this notion wrong, especially for the young.

Here are some tech entrepreneurs who have everything- they are filthy rich, smoking hot and are very eligible bachelors.

1. Blake Alan Ross- Mozilla Firefox

Age: 26

This American software developer started the Mozilla Firefox project along with Dave Hyatt. He was one of the techies on the Rolling Stone magazine's 2005 hot list, and is evaluated at $150 million dollars. Thanks to him, web browsing has seen a gargantuan boom with a success story made in the free, open source platform as of January 2012, Firefox had approximately 25 percent of worldwide usage share of web browsers

2. Naveen Selvadurai- Foursquare

Age: 28

Prior to co-founding foursquare with Dennis Crowley, Selvadurai was Lead Architect at Socialight and a Senior Software Architect at Sony Music Entertainment. He has also worked with work with Lucent, Nokia and Sun Microsystems in the past. Tamilian by birth, Selvadurai is worth about $80,000,000. He is reported to be leaving Foursquare this month.

3. Arash Ferdowsi- Drop Box

Age: 26

This Iranian-American entrepreneur co-founded Dropbox, a cloud storage startup in 2007 with fellow MIT student Drew Houston. Ferdowsi dropped out of college to focus on business. His networth is said to be $400 million. In spite of growing competition, Houston and Ferdowsi’s project has been constantly growing -- 300 million files are saved to Dropbox every 24 hours, which is more than the number of tweets posted to Twitter in the same timeframe. Ferdowsi is an avid Dance Dance Revolution (DDR) player.

4. David Karp- Tumblr

Age: 25

Karp founded Tumblr, the microblogging platform and social networking site in 2007. 2010 saw him named as one of MIT’s 35 innovators under the age of 35. What is interesting about this young techie is the fact that when he was 17, he moved himself to Japan and earned his living while working as a CTO for a company based in New York! He’s worth $40 million in funding, and although it’s not a huge number compared to the rest, this energetic entrepreneur deserves his place on this list. And although he has a girlfriend (i.e. goal-keeper) named Rachel Eakley, doesn’t mean one can’t try scoring goals, right?

5. Dustin Moskovitz- Facebook, Path

Age: 27

Moskovitz was credited with being the world’s youngest billionaire after co-founding Facebook with Mark Zuckerberg, Eduardo Savarin, and Chris Hughes. He left Facebook in 2008 to found Asana, a “collaborative information manager” that one can use on the internet.  His net worth is said to be $7.6 billion through a stake of 7.6 percent in Facebook.

6. Matthew Charles Mullenweg- Wordpress

Age: 28

This 28 year old billionaire is best known for his development of Wordpress, the free and open-source web software that is used by around 15 percent of the internet and is managed by the WordPress foundation now. He is also a musician, having learned to play the saxophone and the keyboard. His net worth stands at $40 million.

7. Sean Parker- Napster

Age: 33

This 33 year old American technology entrepreneur is credited with being the co-founder of Napster, and was most recently the Founding President of Facebook. He is worth $2.1 billion and is considered to be a genius in spite of the lack of a formal education. He was accustomed to hacking as he was a child, one interesting incident from his life had him hacking into a Fortune 500 company when he was 16. Unfortunately his dad unplugged the computer and he was unable to log out. He was tracked down by the FBI, and was sentenced to community service.

8. Jack Dorsey

Age: 35

This software architect from the US is most famous for his creation of Twitter, the social network that focuses on microblogging. He too was on MIT’s TR35 list of innovators. He’s estimated to be worth $490 million.

9. Yoshikazu Tanaka- Gree

Age: 35

Tanaka founded Gree in 2004, which is now Japan's largest social networking site. . He started out at Sony, and then moved on to work for Hiroshi Mikitani (the billionaire founder of online shopping site Rakuten). His worth is estimated to be $2.2 billion, and he’s reported to have his sights set on building a Gree office in California’s SiliconValley. Should  Zuckerberg watch out? Only time will tell.

10. Kevin Rose

Age: 35

Rose co-founded Digg (a popular news website that competes with reddit), Revision3 (an Internet television network that creates, produces and distributes web television shows), Pownce (a micro-blogging and file-sharing site), and Milk (a company that aims to solve problems of the mobile web, according to TechCrunch).

11. Teddy Sagi

Age: 39

Apart from being the founder of gaming site Playtech, Sagi who is 39, also owns several e-commerce services, an e-payment company, instant messenger service Messenger Plus and commercial real estate and a number of hotels in Europe. He reportedly bought the most expensive home in Israel in December for about $35 million. His net worth is about $1.2 billion.


Monday, April 2, 2012


A farmer had a dog who used to sit by the roadside waiting for vehicles to come around. As soon as one came he would run down the road, barking and trying to overtake it. One day a neighbor asked the farmer "Do you think your dog is ever going to catch a car?" The farmer replied, "That is not what bothers me. What bothers me is what he would do if he ever caught one." Many people in life behave like that dog who is pursuing meaningless goals.

Life is hard by the yard, 
but by the inch, 
it's a cinch. 

--Gean Gordon